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Oregon Measure 109: Voters to weigh legalizing psilocybin for mental health therapy

If passed, Oregon would be the first state to legalize psilocybin for mental health therapy.

PORTLAND, Ore — Oregonians, you have the chance to vote on a first-of-its-kind ballot measure: Measure 109. If passed, Oregon would be the first state to legalize psilocybin for mental health therapy.

It comes from a group of fungi; you may know them as magic mushrooms, shrooms, boomers or champinones. Psilocybin is considered a psychedelic drug that causes changes in perception, mood and cognitive processes.

According to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration, preliminary evidence shows psilocybin could help people with severe treatment-resistant depression.

Measure 109 would change state law to allow supervised, licensed facilities to manufacture, deliver and administer psilocybin. Currently, doing any of that is against the law. The initiative says the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) would set up and enforce a regulated psilocybin services program. 

The program would need to have a two-year development period. If passed the measure states psilocybin could only be used for "psilocybin services" by a licensed "facilitator" to a "qualified client".

  • "Psilocybin services" means services before, during and after someone takes a psilocybin product.
  • A "facilitator" is someone with a license from OHA who provides or oversees psilocybin services.
  • "Qualified clients" are people who are 21 and up, who a facilitator thinks should use the drug.

RELATED: Oregonians will vote on whether to legalize psilocybin in November

The initiative says OHA may not require people to have any specific medical condition in order to get treatment. The measure requires a 15-percent retail sales tax go toward enforcement and taxing systems and an administration fund. It also requires an advisory board.

While the program is in the development phase, the measure's sponsors think about $5.4 million of general fund money will be needed to kick it off. They also say during that time OHA should find and share with Oregonians medical, psychological and scientific studies about psilocybin treatment for mental illness.

RELATED: Voter Guide 2020: Measures on the ballot in Oregon