Mark O. Hatfield, a liberal Republican who challenged his party s positions on the Vietnam War and on a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution during his 30 years as a Senator from Oregon, died on Sunday in Portland, Ore. He was 89.
His death was confirmed by Gerry Frank, a longtime aide.
Mr. Hatfield served in the Senate from 1967 to 1997, spending eight years as chairman of the Appropriations Committee. But he came out against the war even earlier, while serving his second term as governor of Oregon.
At a meeting of the National Governors Association on July 28, 1965, as his colleagues rallied behind President Lyndon B. Johnson, Mr. Hatfield said, I cannot support the president on what he has done so far. He complained that Mr. Johnson s escalation of the war had American troops taking over South Vietnam s responsibility to win or lose.
Citing the deaths of noncombatant men, women and children, he said the American bombing campaign merits the general condemnation of mankind.