Undocumented immigrants brought to the country as children, known as DREAMers, protest in front of the Senate side of the U.S. Capitol on Dec. 6, 2017, to urge Congress to pass a bill to protect them from deportation.
Mark Wilson, Getty Images

Congress and the White House are in the midst of negotiations to find a permanent solution for undocumented immigrants brought to the country as children.

Collectively, they're referred to as DREAMers, named after a bill that's failed to pass Congress since it was first introduced in 2001.

A portion of those DREAMers have been protected from deportation under an Obama-era program called the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. After passing security background checks and proving they were either in school, employed or serving in the military, DACA recipients were granted work permits and two-year reprieves from deportation that could be renewed.

Here's a look at the numbers behind this population.

11.3 million

The total number of undocumented immigrants living in the U.S.

3.6 million

The number of undocumented immigrants who entered the U.S. before their 18th birthday, the group known as DREAMers.

1.8 million

The number of undocumented immigrants who entered the U.S. before their 16th birthday. This is the group that met the basic requirements to apply for DACA.


The total number of DREAMers who have received DACA protections over the five years of the program.

Two people watch undocumented immigrants fill out application forms for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program on Aug. 15, 2012, at Navy Pier in Chicago.
Sitthixay Ditthavong, AP


The number of DREAMers currently enrolled in DACA


Average age of DREAMers.


Average age of DREAMers when they first entered the U.S.


Percentage of DACA recipients who are working or enrolled in school.


DACA recipients serving in the military.

Cesar Vargas, co-director of the DREAM Action Coalition, wears a shirt that reads '#DreamArmy', during a news conference in Washington, D.C., on July 25, 2014, to call on the Defense Department to allow certain DREAMERs to serve in the military
Michael Reynolds, EPA


Percentage of DACA enrollees who had their status revoked because of criminal or gang activity.

Sources: Department of Homeland Security; Migration Policy Institute; National survey conducted by the Center for American Progress; the University of California-San Diego; and several immigration advocacy groups.